What are Cashew Kernels? What Difference between Raw Cashew Nuts vs Cashew Kernels? Cashew kernels vs Cashew nut? Raw Cashew Nuts (RCN) and Cashew Kernels are two completely different types of cashew. Currently, many people cannot distinguish between these 2 concepts. The following article will explain that clearly.

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What is Raw Cashew Nut?

The Raw Cashew Nut (known as RCN, Cashew nut Shell-on, Cashew nut in a shell, Cashew nuts) is the name of the cashew apple’s sub-nut. Although a cashew apple contains 90 % of the fruit, only 10 % is a Raw Cashew nut. A single Raw Cashew Nut has 30% cashew kernels and 70% cashew shell. Normally, 1 ton of raw cashew nuts can process 250-300 kg of the cashew kernels and 700-750 kg of the cashew shells. In the past, only the Raw Cashew nut (RCN) and Cashew Kernels are being used as commercial products in the Vietnam cashew nut industry, and cashew shells are considered waste. Today, the cashew shells are used to produce CNSL (cashew nut shell liquid), a raw material used in other industries, opening up a market of hundreds of millions of dollars per year.

=> More About Vietnam Raw Cashew Nuts: https://kimmyfarm.com/en/product/raw-cashew-nuts-in-shell-vietnam

The Cashew Apples contain:

The cashew apples contain: 90 % is the fruit, 10 % is the raw cashew nut.

The cashew apples contain: 90 % is the fruit, 10 % is the raw cashew nut. With 8-10 tons of cashew apples, we get only 1 ton of raw cashews nuts.

The Raw Cashew nuts contain:

Raw Image of Cashew Fruits & Raw Cashew Nuts

Raw Image of Cashew Fruits & Raw Cashew Nuts. A raw cashew nut contains 30% cashew kernel and 70% cashew nutshell.

What is Raw Cashew Nuts Count?

The raw cashew nut count is simply the number of nuts present in 1kg of the raw cashew sample selected for the tests. It is a function of the size distribution of the cashew nut.

Read More ->  Cashew Market Report April 2021: Vietnam Increased Imports Raw Cashew Nuts RCN

The standard nut count of raw cashew nuts goes thus:

  • 170 – 180, it is excellent
  • 181 – 190, it is very good
  • 191 – 200, it is good
  • 201 – 210, it is medium or moderate
  • 211 – 220, it is low medium
  • 221 – 230, it is poor.

Count the number of raw cashew nuts you have in your 1kg sample and compare it with the above standard to know where it falls. Simple, isn’t it?

The nut count is simply the number of nuts present in 1kg of the raw cashew sample

The raw cashew nut count is simply the number of nuts present in 1kg of the raw cashew sample

Raw Cashew Nuts Count Per Kg Sort By Countries

What is nut count in raw cashew? The nut count represents the number of raw cashew nuts per kilogram. In Vietnam, depending on the year, most of the Vietnam raw cashew has a nut count of 180 to 210 / kg. Associated with the outturn, the nut count provides information on the size of kernels.

Origin Raw Cashew Nuts count per Kg
Guinea Bissau 230
Indonesia 190 – 210
Tanzania 200
Benin 195
Cambodia 160 – 200
Côte d’Ivoire 205
Mozambique 185
India 190 – 210
Nigeria 200
Vietnam 180 – 200
Brazil 160 – 180
Different Sizes Of Raw Cashew Nut!

Different Sizes Of Raw Cashew Nut! – Kimmy Farm Vietnam

In Vietnam, depending on the year, most of the Vietnam raw cashew has a nut count of 180 to 210 / kg.

In Vietnam, depending on the year, most of the Vietnam raw cashew has a nut count of 180 to 210 / kg.

Is It Safe To Eat Raw Cashew Nuts?

The raw cashew nuts need to go through cashew processing to cashew Kernels before we can eat them. Cashew kernels themselves aren’t toxic, but they are surrounded by a shell that consists of the toxic oil urushiol… Raw Cashew nuts are not Safe to Eat, bc they have a Hardshell (known as cashew shell) that contains a natural toxin called urushiol found in poison ivy. The cashew shell oil is very toxic, and contact with it can trigger a skin reaction in some people.

Raw Cashew nuts are not Safe to Eat, bc they have a Hardshell (known as cashew shell) that contains a natural toxin called urushiol found in poison ivy

Raw Cashew nuts are not Safe to Eat, bc they have a Hardshell (known as cashew shell) that contains a natural toxin called urushiol found in poison ivy

Cashew shell that contains a natural toxin called urushiol found in poison ivy. The cashew shell oil is very toxic, and contact with it can trigger a skin reaction in some people.

Cashew shell contains a natural oil called urushiol found in poison ivy. The cashew shell oil is very toxic, and contact with it can trigger a skin reaction in some people.

What is Cashew Kernel?

Cashew Kernel (or: raw cashew kernels, cashew kernels, cashew kernal) meaning is the name of the raw cashew nuts after going through the Processing of cashew nuts. After Peeling Hardshell outside, the cashew kernel has been grading them carefully to superior standards required by top food companies all over the world. Example: Vietnam’s W320 & W240 are the most popular cashew kernels, their export volumes increase year by year.

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=> More About Vietnam Cashew Nut Kernels: https://kimmyfarm.com/en/vietnam-cashew-nuts/kernel

Cashew Shell cutting is a difficult stage, requiring skilled workers.

Cashew Shell cutting is a difficult stage, requiring skilled workers.

Why Are Cashew Nuts Kernel One The Most Expensive Nuts?

Cashew apples make up 90% of the fruit, and only 10% are raw cashews. So every 8-10 tons of cashew apples, we get only 1 TON of raw cashew nuts. A raw cashew nut contains 30% cashew kernel and 70% cashew nutshell. Normally, in cashew nut production, 1 TON of raw cashew nuts can be processed as 250-300 KG of Cashew Kernels and 700-750 kg of cashew shells. And the processing of Raw Cashew nuts into Cashew Kernels in very Difficult.

Top 5 reasons why cashew nuts Kernels are expensive:

  1. High Demand For Cashew Nut Kernels
  2. Supply and Demand Effect on the Price of Cashews
  3. Only a Few Countries Can Grow Cashew
  4. Cashew Apple Have Only 10% Raw Cashew nuts
  5. Processing Raw Cashew Nut Is Difficult

=> Related article: Why Are Cashew Nuts Kernel So Expensive?

1 TON of Raw Cashew Nuts can be processed as 250-300 KG of Cashew Kernels

With 1 TON of Raw Cashew Nuts, We can be processed as only 250-300 KG of Cashew Kernels

12 Steps to Turn Raw Cashew Nut into Cashew Kernel?

All processes from the Cashew farm to the factory and the finished product must ensure the cashew nut is as clean as possible. 12 Steps of Producing Process Vietnam Raw Cashew Nut to Cashew Kernels:

  • Step 1: Collected Cashews Waiting For Cashew Fruits to Fall.
  • Step 2: Separating The Cashew Nuts
  • Step 3: Sun-Dry Raw Cashew Nuts until the raw cashew nuts moisture is about 8-10%, this will prevent cashews from musty when transporting or long-term storing.
  • Step 4: Storage of Raw Cashew Nuts – After sun-dry, raw cashew nuts are packed in Jumbo bags (60 – 80kg/ bag), and stored in a well-ventilated & cool place.
  • Step 5: Steaming Raw Cashew Nuts – The outer shell of the raw cashew nuts has to be removed to produce the edible cashew kernel.
  • Step 6: Hard Shell Cutting – After Steam Roasting is complete, the cashew nuts are peeled off quickly to remove the outer shell to get the inner kernel.
  • Step 7: Drying Cashew Nut Kernels
  • Step 8: Peeling The Testa – a process where the inner shell of the kernel is removed to produce white nuts.
  • Step 9: Color-Sorting Cashew Nut Kernels & Quality Control Cashew Nut – The cashew nut classification process is designed to classify cashew nuts kernel nuts into different grades for export.
  • Step 10: Metal Detectors
  • Step 11: Packaging & Shipping – Cashew kernels product packaging to tin cans, vacuum flexy pouches…
  • Step 12: Fumigation Before Ship – Exporters of Cashew nuts must be registered for quarantine and Fumigation of shipments.
Read More ->  What Difference Between WS Cashew vs WB Cashew?

=> More About: How cashew nuts made by Vietnamese Farmer

=> More About Vietnam Cashew Kernels Products => https://kimmyfarm.com/en/vietnam-cashew-nuts/kernel

How To Know That is High-Quality Cashew Kernels?

A. We Can Check Quality of  Cashew Kernels By Appearances

  1. Cashew Less Damaged
  2. Cashew Kernels Free From Husk
  3. Color Of Cashew Kernels (Depend on Origin)
  4. Size Of Cashew Kernels (maybe, Depend on Origin)
  5. Long Expiration Date
If cashew kernels are completely clean without testa skin (or cashew husk skin), they are of good quality.

If cashew kernels are completely clean without testa skin (or cashew husk skin), the kernel color may be white, pale ivory, or light ash…! Mean they are of good quality.

B. We Can Check the Quality of  Cashew Kernels By Taste And Texture

  1. Taste: delicious and greasy
  2. Texture: crispy, fleshy, dry, not oily, not mold
W320 Cashew Nut Kernels With Premium Quality - Packed 1KG in Vaccum Bag - Kimmy Farm Vietnam

Premium Quality W320 Cashew Nut Kernels – Packed 1KG in Vaccum Bag – Kimmy Farm Vietnam

=> For the Full Article Here: How To Check Quality Of Cashew Nut Kernels?

Difference Between Raw Cashew Nuts VS Cashew Kernels?

Raw Cashew Nut To Cashew Kernel Ratio?

Raw cashew nut after processing –  The % Ratio we can recover into cashew kernels (Cashew Kernels output ratio) is About 30% and 70% cashew shell.  For Example – Vietnam Raw Cashew Nut To Cashew Kernel Ratio: About 24 – 27 %!

% Ratio – Type of Cashew Kernels: (about 80% whole kernel grades, 20% broken kernel grades) 

Type of Cashew Kernels % Ratio
W240 20%
W320 45%
W450 5%
WS 10%
LP 3%
SP 2%
BB 1%
W210, W240, W320, W450, WS, LP, SP, BB- Packed 1KG in Vaccum Bag - Vietnam Cashew Nut - Kimmy Farm

W210, W240, W320, W450, WS, LP, SP, BB– Packed 1KG in Vaccum Bag – Vietnam Cashew Nut – Kimmy Farm

Cashew nut WS grade is a cashew nut kernel split naturally lengthwise

Cashew nut WS grade is a cashew nut kernel split naturally lengthwise – Raw WS cashew Image from Kimmy Farm Cashew Factory

Outturn Comparison: The Raw Cashew Nuts to Cashew Kernel Outturn Ratio

RCN Origin % Cashew Kernel Ratio
Guinea Bissau 31
Indonesia 30
Tanzania 29
Benin 27
Cambodia 27
Mozambique 26
Ivory Coast 27
India 26
Nigeria 25
Vietnam 24
Brazil 21

Vietnam Need More Than 1 Million Tonnes Of Raw Cashew Nuts Per Year

Vietnam’s Imported raw materials (raw cashew nuts) account for 70 percent of cashew processing, voicing concerns about the limited capacity of small-scale production facilities, which has affected product quality. Vietnam needs more than 1 million tonnes of raw cashew nuts for processing every year. As only ~ 300,000 tonnes are sourced domestically, the remainder must be imported, with most coming from West Africa.

=> If you Have a Large Volume of Raw Cashew Nuts and want to Export to Vietnam – Contact Us:

  • Phone/Zalo: 0947729829 (Ms. Hanh)
  • Whatapps/Viber: +84947729829 (English & VN)
  • Email: contact@kimmyfarm.com – hanh@kimmy.vn
  • Office: 244/20A Le Van Khuong, Thoi An, Dist. 12, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam 700000

@Products Mentioned in Article: Vietnam cashew nuts

Raw Cashew Nuts From Local Farm Binh Phuoc Vietnam

Raw Cashew Shell For Extract Oil From Vietnam

Cashew Shell Liquid CNSL Oil VIETNAM

W240 Cashew Nut Vietnam White Whole Cashews

W320 Cashew Nut Vietnam White Whole Cashews

WS Cashew Nut Vietnam White Splits Cashews

LP Cashew Vietnam Large Pieces Of Cashew Nuts

LWP Cashew Vietnam Large White Pieces Of Cashew Nuts

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