India is the largest producer of raw cashew nuts in the world with 1.01 million ha area under cultivation and 0.75 million tons production in 2013. The area under RCN has been increasing consistently year after year. From 1961, the cashew cultivation area in India has increased at a growth rate of 3.04 percent.

Where Are Cashews Grown in India?

Cultivation of cashew is taken up in many states of India mainly on the west and eastern coast viz, Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Orissa, Tamilnadu, and West Bengal. In addition, cashew is also grown in a few pockets of Assam, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Meghalaya, Nagaland, and Tripura.

The Major Cashew Nut Growing Area In India:

  1. Andhra Pradesh: Srikakulam, Visakhapatnam, East Godavari, West Godavari, Khammam, Vizianagaram
  2. Chhatti Sgarh: Bastar region, Raigarh
  3. Goa: North and South Goa
  4. Gujarat: Valsad
  5. Jharkhand: East and West Singhbhum, Saraikela, Jamtara, Pakur, Dumka, Deoghar.
  6. Karnataka: Kolar, Utt ara and Dakshina Kannada, Shimoga, Bidar, Udupi, Belgaum, Chikkballapu.
  7. Kerala: Kasargod, Kannur, Malappuram, Kozhikode, Palakkad, Thiruvanthapuram.
  8. Maharashtra: Ratnagiri, Sindhudurg, Raigad, Kolhapur, Thane.
  9. Meghalaya: East Garo Hills, West Garo hills.
  10. Pondicherry: Poducherry, Karaikal
  11. Odisha: Dhenkanal, Cuttak, Nayagarh, Ganjam, Kendujhar, Koraput, Jaipur, Mayurbanj, Khurda.
  12. Tamil Nadu: Cuddalore, Pudukkott ai, Tiruchirapalli, Villupuram, Perambalur, Ariyalur, South Tripura.
  13. West Bengal: Midnapur (East and West), Purulia.

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Cashew Growing Areas in India Area (000 ha) Production (000MT) Productivity (Kg/ha)
Kerala 90.866 83.98 962
Karnataka 127.86 85.147 672
Goa 58.18 32.659 561
Maharashtra 186.2 256.61 1378
Tamil Nadu 141.58 67.65 478
Andhra Pradesh 185.57 111.39 600
Odisha 183.319 93.895 513
West Bengal 11.36 12.96 1140
Jharkhand 14.83 5.83 393
Chhattisgarh 13.7 9.33 681
Gujarat 7.22 6.5 900
Pondichery 5 2.16 432
Assam 1.05 1.08 1028
Tripura 4.25 3.45 812
Meghalaya 8.5 5.83 686
Manipur 0.9 0.324 360
Nagaland 0.5 0.54 1080
Total 1040.89 779.335 753
Cultivation of cashew is taken up in many states of India mainly on the west and eastern coast viz, Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Orissa, Tamilnadu, and West Bengal.

Cultivation of cashew is taken up in many states of India mainly on the west and eastern coast viz, Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Orissa, Tamilnadu, and West Bengal.

1. Maharashtra:

Maharashtra ranks on top in terms of cashew nut production. About 225.0 thousand tonnes of cashews are produced here on an average every year. You can imagine the demand and sale of the same.

Maharashtra ranks on top in terms of cashew nut production

Maharashtra ranks on top in terms of cashew growing nut production – India Cashew Growing Area

2. Andhra Pradesh

Andhra Pradesh has 184 hectares of land is dedicated in Andhra Pradesh for cashew nut production. If you consider the produce on an average on yearly basis, about 118 tonnes of cashews nuts are produced every year.

Andhra Pradesh has 184 hectares of cashew nuts

Andhra Pradesh has 184 hectares of cashew nuts – India Cashew Growing Area

3. Odisha

Another beautiful state that is not only prominent for its greenery, but also for cashew production. Odisha has a major contribution to its cashew produce with an average of 101 tonnes every year.

Odisha average of 101 tonnes every year

Odisha average of 101 tonnes every year – India Cashew Growing Area

4. Kerala

South has also marked its significance in the growth of Cashews and Kerala is one name to mention for the same. Kerala has dedicated 85 hectares of land for its cashew nuts production and other similar agricultural activities. A total of 77 tonnes of cashews are produced every year.

Kerala has dedicated 85 hectares of land for its cashew nuts production

Kerala has dedicated 85 hectares of land for its cashew nuts production – India Cashew Growing Area

5. Karnataka

Karnataka is the state that has been leading in various agricultural activities; cashew production is one of them. Karnataka has given 122 hectares of land to grow cashew nuts. 75 tonnes of cashews are distributed to India in different markets. Read further for the rest of the top states in India based on cashew nut production.

Karnataka is the state that has been leading in various agricultural activities

Karnataka is the state that has been leading in various agricultural activities

6. Tamil Nadu

Tamil Nadu has been majorly focusing on the distribution of land for its cashew produce. They have dedicated 136 hectares of land for production and so far, the state manages to produce 62 tonnes of cashew nuts every year on an average.

Tamil Nadu has been majorly focusing on the distribution of land for its cashew produce

Tamil Nadu has been majorly focusing on the distribution of land for its cashew produce

7. Goa

Feni, the most popular liquor made from cashew nuts is the highlight of Goa. It is majorly loved by local residents as well as foreign tourists. Large quantities of cashew nuts are prepared in Goa. 57 hectares of land is used for the same and about 30 tonnes of cashews are produced on this land.

Goa have 57 hectares of land is used for growing cashew tree

Goa has 57 hectares of land is used for growing cashew tree

8. West Bengal

West Bengal has also been a major contributor in cashews. They have a space of 11 hectares of land for its production and this contributes to 12 tonnes of cashew production annually.

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9. Jharkhand

12 hectares of land is used for cashew nut production and this results in a product of 5 tonnes of land.

10. Gujarat

Gujarat to an extent has also focused on the area of cashew nut production. India is a major exporter other parts of different states are also focusing on the same.

What Cashew Cultivars Developed In Different Regions Of India?

  • Tamil Nadu: Vridhachalam-1,Vridhachalam-2, Vridhachalam-3 ,VRI 4, VRI (CW) H1,…
  • Kerala: Akshaya (H-7-6),Amrutha (H1597- ),Anagha (H-8-1),Anakkayam-1 (BLA-139 -1),Dhana (H-1608),Dharasree (H-3-17), K-22-1,Kanaka (H-1598),Madakkathara -1 (BLA-39-4),Madakkathara-2(NDR-2- 1),Priyanka (H-1591),Sulabha (K-10-2),…
  • Andhra Pradesh: BPP-1,BPP-2,BPP-3,BPP-4,BPP-5,BPP-6- ,BPP-8(H2/16),…
  • Karnataka: Chintamani-1, Chintamani-2, H-130, NRCC-1, NRCC-2, UN-50, …
  • Maharashtra: Vengurla-1,Vengurla-2,Vengurla-3- ,Vengurla-4,Vengurla-5,Vengurla-6- ,Vengurla-7,…
  • Goa: Goa-1, Goa-2
  • Odisha: Bhubaneswar-1
  • West Bengal: Jhargram-1

When Cashew Nut Season In India?

India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the second-most populous country, the seventh-largest country by land area, and the top advanced agriculture country in Asia. Indian Cashews are grown in the western and eastern coastal areas and further inland in some parts of Karnataka and Madhya Pradesh. The major cashew growing & producing states of India are Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Chattisgarh, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Meghalaya…

Indian Cashews Harvest Season:

  • Beginning of the season: February
  • End of season: June, July.

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ndian Cashews Harvest Season - Beginning of the season - February End of season: June, July.

Indian Cashews Harvest Season – Beginning of the season: February – End of the season: June, July.

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